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GANG Awareness, Intervention and Prevention

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The American Focus on Gangs - Volume One

This Volume May Just Be America's Best Kept Secret and Solution!

THE AMERICAN FOCUS ON GANGS

 

Series Volume #1

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

SECTION ONE: GANG OVERVIEW

 

Gangs, Rap and Lowriders: A Thugs Dream Come True                    

Acknowledgments                                                 

Foreword                                                         

Introduction                                                           

Gang Realities and Reasons                                          

The History of Gangs                                                   

The Grim Reality of Gangs in America                                  

A Day in the Lives of Our Kids                                     

What Some Children See                                               

Why Kids and Young Adults Join Gangs                               

The Role of Teachers and Support Staff                              

Possible Factors Leading to Adolescent Gang Involvement                  

Denial of Gangs                                                

Who is Likely to Join a Gang?                                         

How Are Gang Members Identified?                                    

The Number One Problem: Denial Until Tragedy                            

Gang Prevention Suggestions                                    

Tips for Identification of Gang Activity                                 

(Gang) Dress and Appearance                                     

Disruptive Behavior and Criminal Activity                                 

Definitions of Gang Names                                          

      Gang Nicknames

      Jump-Ins

      Wanna-Be

      Dont Wanna-Be

      I Have To Be

      I Am

      Gang Terrorizing

      Gang Recruiting

Parenting Tips: Prevention                                           

      Suggestions

Neighborhood Eye Watch / Block Watch Programs                           

Warning Signs for Parents                                              

Advice for Parents                                                    

      Advice for Your Children

Gang Identification Through Ball Caps and Jackets                        

The Role of Law Enforcement                                    

The First Thing the Police Can Do                                       

A National Street Gang Profile                                        

      Working Gang Definition

The Need for Specialization                                             

      Goals and Objectives

Cooperation Between Agencies                                       

Programs That Work from the Bottom Up                         

      And Not From The Top To The Bottom

Correctional Intervention                                               

Gang Origin                                                      

      Racism

      Weapons

Then vs. Now                                                           

Types of Gangs                                                

      The Scavenger Gang

      The Territorial Gang

      The Organized or Corporate Gang

Graffiti Removal                                                    

Conflict Prevention Strategies                                    

      Program Objectives

      Program Components

Crisis Management                                                 

Community Involvement                                          

School and Community Programs                                       

      Police Involvement

Who Is To Blame?                                                     

 

SECTION TWO: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PROSECUTORS, CHIEFS AND EXECUTIVES

 

Introduction                                                           

Recommendations Overview                                               

Prosecuting and Tracking Street Gangs                                   

      Gang Violence

Historical and Cultural Perspectives                                         

      Gang Origins

      Legitimate Groups Turn To Crime

      Self Protection Groups

      Ethnically Isolated Subsocieties

      Racism

Diversion and Thrill-Seeking

Defining Street Gangs

Street Gang Profile

Youth and Adult Street Gang Member Profile

Gang Structure                                                  

      Bulls Eye

      Pyramid

Changes in Structure Due to the Advent of Cocaine Distribution                 

Gang Membership                                                 

      Age Range

      General Characteristics

      Racial and/or Ethnic Background

African-American Gangs aka Black Gangs                              

Latino Gangs                                                           

Asian Gangs                                                      

Chinese Gangs          

White Gangs                                                      

Neighborhood Gangs                                                

Biker/Burglar Gangs                                                    

Stoner Gangs                                                           

Monikers                                                         

Monikers of Latino Gangs                                               

Monikers of Black Gangs                                          

Monikers of Asian Gangs                                          

Monikers of White Gangs                                          

Graffiti aka Street Newspaper                                     

      Latino Gang Graffiti

      Black Gang Graffiti

      White Gang Graffiti

      Asian Gang Graffiti

Gang Streetology/Jargon                                             

Hand Signals                                                           

Tattoos                                                          

Clothing and Other Paraphernalia                                        

Prison Gang Influence                                            

      Connections to Street Gangs

The Need for Specialized Prosecution                              

The Gang Violence Suppression Program                                  

      Establishing a Program

      Standard Prosecution

      Vertical Mode (Prosecution)

      The Generic Prosecutor

      Effectiveness vs. Efficiency

      Efficiency

      Effectiveness

Gang Cases

Why?                                                             

The Prosecutor As Leader                                            

Criteria for Gang Files                                           

      The Purging Procedure

Gang Prosecution Unit Case Criteria                                 

Criteria For Gang Prosecution Unit Consideration                            

      Some Primary Crimes for Consideration

Probation Revocations                                          

      Getting Support From the Program

The Gang Prosecutor In The Field                                         

      What Is Meant By That?

Witness Contacts                                                   

Community Contacts and Presentations                                  

Crime Scene Visits (as General Case Preparation)                             

Hot Crime Scene Witness and Victim Contact    

Search Warrants                                                   

24-Hour Police Office Assistance             

Maintaining Knowledge of Gang Turfs                               

Gang Files in The Prosecutors Office                                   

      Gang Files in The Local Police Agency

Processing Gang Cases                                           

      Charges and Slow case Development

      Timing and Witness Consideration

      Press Releases

      Discovery

Detention and Bail     

Preliminary Hearing

Witness Location

Security

Hospital Hearing

Impeachment

Pre-Trial Processing of Gang Cases                                    

      Confirming Proof and the Charging Document

      Case Preparation

      Motion

      Trial Briefs

The Gang Trial                                                

      The Prosecutor and his Detective as Gang Experts

      Post-Conviction

Sentencing Preparation                                          

      Statement of Aggravation

      Probation Officer Contacts

Dealing with Reluctant and/or Difficult Witnesses                          

      Prior Inconsistent Statements

      Personal Contacts with Uncooperative Witnesses

      Relocation of Witnesses

      Immunity

      Defense Attempts to Compel Granting of Immunity

Working the Juvenile and Adult Court                              

      Case vs. Defendant Approach

      Discovery

      Transfer Hearing

      Coordinating Adults and Juveniles

Evidence Issues                                                     

      Making Gang Cases Comprehensible

      Admissibility of Gang Evidence

      Expert Witnesses

Search Warrants                                                            

 

Affidavits

      Telephonic Warrants

Injection and Abatement Laws                                     

Establishing and Effectively Maintaining The Gang Unit                   

Frequently Asked Law Enforcement Questions and Their Answers

Gang Unit Objectives

Personnel Selection

Cooperation Between Agencies and Jurisdictions

Ineffectiveness of Conventional Methods                                  

Roll Call: Some of the Most Active Street Gangs in New Jersey                 

Gang Motivated Crime                                          

Gang Related Crime                                                

Gang Membership Family Tree                                    

A New Investigative Approach                                     

      Methods Used

High-Profile Cases                                                

It is Just as Important to be a Street Smart Cop                         

Criteria for Identifying Incidents as Gang-Related                             

      Suggested Policy to Identify Individuals as Gang Members

Additional Duties and Responsibilities of the Gang Unit                    

Considerations for Selecting Gang Unit Prospects                          

Probation Revocations The Best Tool in the Prosecutor/Gang Unit Arsenal     

                Why? Because

      When a gang member is in violation: What To Do!

      Why? Because

Legislation                                                      

      The Virtual Key to Aiding in the War on Gangs, Crime and Violence

      Help Yourself!

      Ideas

Conclusion                                                       

 

RESOURCES

 

Gangs: Investigative Notes (Personal)                               

Gang Profiling and Tracking           

      GO/TRAK Tracks Gangs and More!

Video Resources for Gang Awareness and Related Training               

      Dragons of Crime:

Asian Gangs

      Five Points Gang:

Historical Gangs Focus

      Cop Killers:

The ultimate look at the most heinous crime of all

      Cops on the Edge:

Police Suicides

      Behind Bars:

Prison Gangs

     

Kids Behind Bars:

A look at the troubled state of juvenile justice

      L.A. Behind Bars:

Gang Management in the violent jail environment

      Juvenile Justice:

A look at kids who commit serious crimes

      Women in Prison:

Female inmates trapped in a cycle of pain and failure(?)

      On Parole:

Prisoners of Freedom

      Death Penalty:

A focus on notorious prisons and inmates sentenced to death

      The Hostage Takers:

An up-close look at the terror of hostage situations

      To Catch A Killer:

A focus on homicide investigation strategies and solutions

      When Cops Kill:

Police use of deadly force examined

The Street Stress Fighter                                              

CD-ROM for Windows, Win NT and Macintosh  

S.I.D. Suspect Image Database                                       

User-friendly PC software for suspect profiling

Identifying Lies in Disguise                                             

Detecting Deception in Verbal Behavior

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